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Leo Strauss and the Politics of Exile
The Making of a Political Philosopher
Eugene Sheppard

The Tauber Institute Series for the Study of European Jewry

2007 • 188 pp. 6 x 9"
Philosophy / Intellectual History

$50.00 Hardcover, 978-1-58465-600-5

$7.99 Ebook, 978-1-61168-769-9

Check your ebook retailer or local library for ebook availability.

“Mr. Sheppard has written a pathbreaking work that brings to light much important information about the first half of Strauss's academic career.”—New York Sun

A probing study that demystifies the common portrayal of Leo Strauss as the inspiration for American neo-conservativism by tracing his philosophy to its German Jewish roots.

Born in rural Hesse, Germany, Leo Strauss (1899–1973) became an active Zionist and philosopher during the tumultuous and fractious Weimar Republic. As Eugene R. Sheppard demonstrates in this groundbreaking and engaging book, Strauss gravitated towards such thinkers as Franz Rosenzweig, Martin Heidegger, and Carl Schmitt as he sought to identify and overcome fundamental philosophical, political, and theological crises. The rise of Nazism impelled Strauss as a young Jewish émigré, first in Europe and then in America, to grapple with—and accommodate his thought to—the pressing challenges of exile. In confronting his own state of exile, Strauss enlisted premodern Jewish thinkers such as Moses Maimonides and Baruch Spinoza who earlier addressed the problem of reconciling their competing loyalties as philosophers and Jews.

This is the first study to frame Strauss’s political philosophy around his critique of liberalism and the problem of exile. Sheppard follows Strauss from Europe to the United States, a journey of a conservative Weimar Jew struggling with modern liberalism and the existential and political contours of exile. Strauss sought to resolve the conflicts of a Jew unwilling to surrender loyalty to his ancestral community and equally unwilling to adhere to the strictures of orthodox observance. Strauss saw truth and wisdom as transcending particular religious and national communities, as well as the modern enlightened humanism in which he himself had been nurtured. In his efforts to navigate between the Jewish and the philosophical, the ancient and the modern, Berlin and New York, Strauss developed a distinctively programmatic way of reading and writing “between the lines.” Sheppard recaptures the complexity and intrigue of this project which has been ignored by those who both reject and claim Strauss’s legacy.

Reviews / Endorsements

"Sheppard offers a fascinating alternative reading of the Straussian project. Sheppard maintains that Strauss's exilic politics can also point to social imperfection and address injustices and fragmentation brought about by modern governments."

"[An] indispensable guide." —Religious Studies Review

"Eugene Sheppard is an intellectual historian who as such rejects the possibility of the "timeless mind" that Strauss accepts, and who therefore writes from a perspective outside Strauss. But he is not unfriendly to him, and thanks him for having "widened my own horizons.""Claremont Review of Books

"Sheppard's fascinating trajectory of the philosophical development of the young Strauss should make those dismissing Strauss's writings rethink their position."—
Studies in Contemporary Jewry

"Sheppard's perceptive study illuminates the extent to which Strauss's life, the Weimar context, and the philosophical traditions influenced him . . . Sheppard is at his best in arguing and delineating the creative tension between Strauss and the non-Jewish philosophers like Heidegger and Schmidt . . . Sheppard's book provides a fresh venue to continue to investigate Strauss's trajectory from Weimar to Chicago.—
American Historical Review

“For those of us who cleave to the rather un-Straussian conviction that the historical origins of philosophical ideas somehow inform the ideas themselves, Eugene Sheppard's book fufills a crucial need. Leo Strauss and the Politics of Exile helps us to understand the existential dimension in Strauss's own experience of exile—the trauma of politico-cultural dislocation—which constituted the very grounding for Strauss's reflections upon both the modern Jewish condition and the place of philosophy in the modern world.”—Peter Eli Gordon, Harvard University

“In this excellent historical genealogy of Leo Strauss's thought, Eugene Sheppard moves beyond uninformed polemics on both sides to provide hitherto unavailable information as well as expert historical knowledge of the contexts in which Straussianism was born. Especially noteworthy are the book's pioneering treatments of Strauss against the backdrop of German-Jewish intellectual history and the history of Zionist controversies, for as Sheppard abundantly shows, the details of these contexts are decisive for making sense of Strauss's texts. Sheppard's interpretation of the Straussian philosopher as Jewish exile is novel and exciting. And it prompts us to wonder if this 'best friend of liberal democracy' ever succeeded in fully breaking from the explosive politics of the Weimar Right.”—Samuel Moyn, Columbia University

EUGENE R. SHEPPARD is Associate Professor of Modern Jewish History and Thought and Associate Director of the Tauber Institute at Brandeis University.

Thu, 14 Mar 2019 13:08:12 -0500