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Songs, Dreamings, and Ghosts
The Wangga of North Australia
Allan Marett

Wesleyan University Press



Contents

• List of Figures
• List of Illustrations
• List of Musical Examples
• List of Maps
• Virtual CD Track List
• Acknowledgments
• Linguistic orthography
• PREFACE
• INTRODUCTION
• What the Walakandha Have Always Done
• The major themes of wangga and the conventions by which are enacted in performance
• The relationship between the Living and the Dead
• Ceremonial reciprocity
• Relationships between people and country
• Liminality
• The mediation of social change
• Traditions of Scholarship in the Study of Aboriginal Music
• The Enactment of Social Work though Music and the Decoding of Musical Texts
• Fieldwork and Working Methods
• CHAPTER 1: REPERTORIES, HISTORIES AND ORDERS OF BEING
• Old Man Tulh
• The Principle Repertories of wangga and Their Locations
• Dreamings, Conception, and Song
• Marritjevin and Marriammu orders of being
• Song composition and ceremony: the drawing together of the Living and the Dead
• Orders of being at Belyuen
• Some historical reasons for the importance of Conception Dreamings at Belyuen
• Conception, death and reincarnation
• References to Dreamings and Dreaming sites on the Cox Peninsula
• CHAPTER 2: DREAMING SONGS: SUSTAINING TRADITION
• Dreaming Songs
• Maralung's story about getting the song "Minmin Light"
• How Walakandha and Ma-yawa wangga are received
• Song dreaming at Belyuen
• What exactly do the ancestors give to songmen?
• Sustaining Tradition
• Transmission of wangga at Wadeye
• Transmission of wangga at Belyuen
• Repertory loss
• CHAPTER 3: CEREMONY
• Myth
• The Death of the Rainbow Serpent and wangga: themes of death and regeneration
• Song genres and ceremonial reciprocity at Wadeye
• Ceremonies
• Burnim-rag ceremonies
• Circumcision
• Other performance contexts
• CHAPTER 4: CONVENTIONS OF SONG AND DANCE
• "Bangany-nyung Ngaya": an unmeasured wangga song from Belyuen
• Establishing metre and tempo in the instrumental-introduction.
• Structuring the vocal- and melodic sections
• Structuring text and realizing it rhythmically in song
• Breaking up the singing with instrumental-sections
• Wrapping up the performance in the coda
• Stabilizing form
• "Yendili #2": an unmeasured wangga from Wadeye
• Musical structure
• Dance structure
• How are dance phrases mapped onto the clapstick-beating?
• Maminmangga's song
• CHAPTER 5: THE WALAKANDHA WANGGA
• "Truwu," the Most Popular of the Walakandha wangga
• Modality, Melody and their Relationship to Song Lineage
• Some Broader Observations on Text Structure and Melody in the Walakandha wangga Repertory
• Philip Malanbuk's song about the Walakandha ancestors Berrida and Munggumurri
• Some Broader Observations on Rhythmic Mode and Clapstick-Beating Patterns in the Walakandha wangga Repertory
• CHAPTER 6: THE MA-YAWA WANGGA
• "Walakandha Ngindji": a Ma-yawa wangga adapted from a Walakandha wangga original
• The recorded sample
• The text of "Walakandha #2" and its relationship to "Walakandha Ngindji"
• Changing the rhythmic setting of the text
• The setting of "Walakandha Ngindji" to Ma-yawa wangga Melody 1
• "Watjen Danggi," an atypical song in the Ma-yawa wangga repertory
• CHAPTER 7: BARRTJAP'S WANGGA
• Barrtjap's Wangga and its Significance at Belyuen
• Song texts and their meanings
• The song-text lexicon and its rhythmic realization in song
• The significance of melody and mode
• Barrtjap's use of rhythmic mode
• Six Songs in Six Rhythmic Modes
• CHAPTER 8: BOBBY LAMBUDJU LANE'S WANGGA
• Rak Badjalarr: The Island of the Dead
• "Rak Badjalarr": a song about the relationship of people to country
• Text structure and meaning
• Melody
• Rhythmic setting of the text
• Two other performances of "Rak Badjalarr" and their implications for transmission
• "Benmele," a song about sorcery that relates to a site on the Cox Peninsula
• The Musical Conventions of Lambudju's Repertory
• CHAPTER 9: THE MUSICAL CONVENTIONS OF THE DALY REGION REVISITED
• Wangga texts
• The diversity of text structure
• Texts and meaning
• The rhythmic treatment of texts
• The placement of meaningful text within vocal-sections
• The multivalency of meaningful text
• Textual ellipsis
• Words with double meanings
• Stability and instability of text
• Melody and mode
• The Ma-yawa wangga
• The Belyuen repertories: Tommy Barrtjap and Bobby Lambudju Lane
• The Walakandha wangga
• The manipulation of melody and text to reflect relationships within wangga owning groups
• Rhythmic mode and dance
• CHAPTER 10: WANGGA BEYOND THE DALY: PERFORMANCE IN THE WIDER DIASPORA
• Wangga in the Barunga/Beswick Region
• A performance of Barrtjap's songs at Barunga in the 1960s
• Alan Maralung's Bunggridj Bunggridj wangga
• Wangga in the Kimberley Region
• The performance of two songs from Wadeye at Kununurra
• "Wangga" in the northern and western Kimberley
• The structure of three song sessions from the northern and western Kimberley
• A performance of "Walakandha #2" at Myall's Bore (western Kimberley)
• The ceremonial role and significance of wangga in the Kimberley
• EPILOGUE
• APPENDIX 1: RECORDINGS OF THE WALAKANDHA WANGGA
• APPENDIX 2: RECORDINGS OF THE MA-YAWA WANGGA
• APPENDIX 3: RECORDINGS OF BARRDJAP'S WANGGA
• APPENDIX 4: RECORDINGS OF LAMBUDJU'S WANGGA

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 15:06:08 -0500