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Everyday Jewish Life in Imperial Russia
Select Documents, 1772–1914
ChaeRan Y. Freeze, ed.; Jay M. Harris, ed.

Brandeis University Press



Contents

Preface
• Acknowledgments
• Introduction: The Imperial Context
• I. RELIGIOUS LIFE

THE DIVERSITY OF RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE
1. The Cantor of Duvid Twersky’s Hasidic Court in Tal’noe: The Memoirs of Pinhas Minkovsky
• 2. Secret State Reports on the Twersky
Tsaddikim in Kiev and Volhynia Provinces (1861–68)
• 3. The Vurke Hasidic Court in Otwock:The Memoirs of Ita Kalish
• 4. Yehoshu’a Heschel Levine’s TheAscents of Eliyahu (Gaon of Vil’na)
• 5. Memoirs of R. Elijah ben Benjamin
Rabinowitz-Teomim, the Aderet (1845–1905)
• 6.
Tkhines [Supplicatory Prayers] for Women
• 7. The Cantor of Poltava Choral
Synagogue: The Memoirs of Genrikh Sliozberg
• 8. The Cantor of Vil’na and Cantorial
Competitions: The Memoirs of Avraam Uri Kovner RELIGIOUS DILEMMAS AND JEWISH LAW
9. Yehudah Leib Gordon, “The Mouth That Forbade Was the Mouth That Allowed”
• 10.
Responsum of R. Naftali Zvi Yehudah Berlin of Volozhin: Oaths
• 11.
Responsum of R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor: Etrogim
12. Responsum of R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor: Hametz
13. Responsum of R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor: Share of Books in the Study Hall
• 14.
Responsum of R. Naftali Zvi Yehudah Berlin of Volozhin: Counting a Minor in a Minyan
15. Responsum of R. Naftali Zvi Yehudah Berlin of Volozhin: A Separate Study Hall and Synagogue
CONVERSION TO CHRISTIANITY
16. Petitions for Conversion
• 17. Missionary Activities to Convert Jews
in Lokhvits (1903) 18. Jewish-Peasant Conflicts in Stepashek Following the Conversion of Anastasiia Lerman (Shimanskaia) and Her Marriage to a Peasant (1901)
• 19. Disorders Following the Secret
Conversion of Gitlia Korn in Lublin (1904)
• 20. Apostasy: Reconversion from
Christianity to Judaism
• 21.
Responsum of R. Hayim Ozer Grodzinski: On Converts in America, a Comparative Perspective
JEWS AND THE STATE ON RELIGIOUS MATTERS
22. State Rabbis
• 23. Synagogues and Cemeteries
• 24. Petitions to the Governor of Kiev
Province about High Holiday Services
(1907–13)
• 25. Trial of Girsh Sagalevich for Insulting the Russian Orthodox Faith in Vil’na (1869)
• II. FAMILY LIFE
PARENTS AND CHILDREN
• 26.
Kvitlakh Addressed to an Unknown
• Rabbi in Vil’na (1839)
• 27. Metrical Book Registration of Births by the State Rabbi (1906)
• 28. A Jewish Boyhood in Odessa: Memoirs of Lazar B. Gol’denberg (b. circa 1845)
• 29. A Jewish Girlhood in Moscow in the 1870s and 1880s: The Memoirs of Roza Vinaver
• 30. Petition of Khaia Saetovaia of Vil’na for Material Support from Children (1846)
• 31. Trial of Mordukh Eliashberg of Vil’na for Rebellion against Parental Authority (1859)
MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE
• 32.
Tenaim (Engagement Contract) of Esther Machlevich and Aharon Rosenstein
• 33.
Responsum of R. Naftali Zvi Yehudah Berlin of Volozhin: An Ambiguous Betrothal
• 34.
Responsum of R. Naftali Zvi Yehudah Berlin of Volozhin: A Betrothal in Jest
• 35.
Responsum of R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor: Breaking Off an Engagement
• 36. Loss of Residence Rights: Marriage to a Jew without the Right to Live outside the Pale of Settlement (1909)
• 37. A Rebellious Wife? (c. 1904)
• 38. Petition for a Separate Passport on Grounds of Spousal Abuse (1900)
• 39. Questions to R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor on Marriage and Divorce
• 40. Divorce by Mutual Agreement, Child Custody, and Support
• 41. Prison Divorces
• 42.
Responsum of R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor: An Agunah Whose Husband Has Been Exiled
• 43.
Responsum of R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor: The Disappearance of a Husband
• 44.
Responsum of R. Naftali Zvi Yehudah Berlin of Volozhin: A Male Agun?
• 45. Question to R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor: A Husband Killed in War
• 46. The Unwilling
Levir and Halitsah (1893)
• 47. Emigration to America and Desertion of a Pregnant Wife
FAMILY LIFE AFTER CONVERSION TO CHRISTIANITY 48. Divorce of Jewish Spouses
• 49. Petition of Rosa Vil’ken of
St. Petersburg for a Separate Passport from Her Lutheran Husband (1887)
• 50. Petition of Sofi ia Zil’berman of
Dvinsk to Change Jewish Surnames of Converted Children (1896)
DEATH—ORPHANHOOD, GUARDIANSHIP, AND PROPERTY
51. Family Letters of the Rozenshteins and Machlevichs (Kiev Province, 1890s)
• 52. Legalizing a “Homemade” Last Will and Testament (1842)
• 53. Guardianship of a Grandchild in the Kiev Orphans’ Court (1899)
• 54. Petition of Dveira Zelikman of St. Petersburg to Adopt an Orphaned Grandson (1912)
• 55. Petition of Israel Nemen of Kiev for the Appointment of a Guardian (1900)
• 56. Suit of Tauba Aizenshtadt of Kievagainst a Spendthrift Son (January 1910)
• III. HEALTH AND SEXUALITY
TRADITIONAL HEALING AND FOLK MEDICINES
• 57. R. Pinchas Katzenelbogen: Remedy for a Fever in
Yesh Manhilin
58. Moshe Shtudentski: A Pediatricianon Puberty in Adolescent Girls (1847)
• 59. Moshe Shtudentski: A Pediatrician on Masturbation (1847)
• 60. Birth Control Advertisement (1908)
• 61. Dr. Nisse’s Medical Advice about Birth Control (1908)
• 62. Trial of Feiga Noskin: Report of an Illegal Abortion in Vil’na (1886)
• 63. Moshe Shtudentski: A Pediatrician on Breast-Feeding (1847)
• 64. Circumcision of a Sixteen-Year-Old Jewish Boy with Hemophilia (1894–1908)
DIET, HYGIENE, AND EXERCISE
• 65. Dr. Gottlieb’s Advice for Good Health (1911)
• 66. Dr. Gottlieb’s Advice for a Healthy Diet (1908)
• 67.
Responsum of R. Naftali Zvi Yehudah Berlin of Volozhin: Polluted Water and Wells (1880)
MENTAL ILLNESS
• 68. Moshe Shtudentski: A Pediatrician on Nervous Illnesses (1847)
• 69. Petition to Hospitalize Dvoira Zlotoiabko of Vil’na for Mental Illness (1895)
• 70. Petition to Hospitalize Rivka Khaimovna Arliuk of Oshmiany for Mental Illness (1902)
• 71. Petition to Hospitalize Meer Mendelev Ginzburg of Bobruisk for Mental Illness (1902)
• 72. Petition to Hospitalize Sholom Peisakhovich of Vil’na for Mental Illness (1902)
• 73. Petition to Hospitalize Rivka Gefter of Vil’na for Mental Illness (1902)

• 74. Petition to Hospitalize Leib Girshev Ioff e of Vil’na for Mental Illness (1902)
MODESTY
• 75. Petition of Rabbi and Merchants of Zhitomir to Count Kiselev [Chairman of the Committee for the Organization of Jewish Life], against the Zhitomir Police (1853)
• 76. On Crinoline: Memoirs of Avraham Paperna
• 77. Secret State Report on
Tsaddik Twersky’s Disciples and Crinoline (1863)
MARITAL SEX
• 78. Early Marriage and Sexuality: The Memoirs of Mordechai Aaron Guenzburg
• 79. Petition to Divorce an Impotent Husband (1910)
• 80.
Responsum of R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor: A Mikvah Near a Turpentine Factory
• 81.
Responsum of R. Hayim Ozer Grodzinski: Manicures and the Mikvah
• 82.
Responsum of R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor: Marriage of a Man Without a Right Testicle
• 83.
Responsum of R. Yosef Zekharyah Stern: Paternity Determination for the Child of a Raped Wife
• 84.
Responsum of R. Yosef Zekharyah Stern: On the Issue of Intercourse That Endangers the Wife’s Life
• 85. A Husband with Syphilis (1872)
EXTRAMARITAL SEX
86. Responsum of R. Yosef Zekharyah Stern: On Concubines
• 87. Questions to R. Yitzhak Elhanan Spektor about Adultery and Rape
• 88. Trial of Sosha Lubshitz of Trokai
Accused of Suffocating an Infant Conceived before Marriage (1879)
• 89. Trial of of Rivka Khaet for Infanticide
in Vil’na (1897)
• 90. A Russian Orthodox Couple’s Aid
Request for an Illegitimate Baptized Jewish Child (1903)
• 91. Petition of Rafail Veisman about
His Illegitimate Russian Orthodox Children (1902)
• 92. Petition to Legitimize a Child Born
out of Wedlock (1916)
• 93. Alleged Rape of the Domestic Servant
Rakhil Krupen by Her Employer in Moscow (1885)
PROSTITUTION
94. Inspection Report of Sixteen Brothels in Vil’na (1871)
• 95. Petition of Homeowners to Close the Jewish Madam Mil’shtenova’s Brothel in Kiev (1871)
• 96. Khanne Gershator’s Application for a Prostitute’s “Yellow Ticket” (20 December 1877)
• 97. Residents’ Denunciation of Guta Mekler for Prostitution in Vil’na (1882)
• 98. Prostitutes in Antokol’ Accused of Infecting Soldiers with Syphilis (1882)
• 99. Report of the Vil’na City Doctor on Two Prostitutes (1893)
• 100. Denunciation of Sheina Zlata Accused of Infecting Men with a Venereal Disease (1894)
• 101. Physical Examination of Jewish Prostitutes
• 102. Denunciation of Jewish “Prostitutes” in Stoklishki (1899)
103. The Russian Society for the Protection of Women: The Jewish Section (1900–1901)
• IV. EDUCATION AND CULTURE
INSTITUTIONS OF JEWISH LEARNING
104. Moshe Leib Lilienblum, The Sins of My Youth (1873)
• 105. State Inspection of Jewish Schools in Vil’na (1870)
• 106. Certification of Melamedim (1869)
• 107. Trial of Girsh Korobochko for Teaching without a Melamed’s Certificate (1888–89)
• 108. Apprenticeship of Buki Ben Yagli to a Scribe in Slonim
• 109. Ben Zion Dinur’s Yeshiva Memoirs
JEWISH PRIVATE SCHOOLS
110. The Berman School for Jewish Children in St. Petersburg (1865–84)
• 111. Complaint of the Jews of Tel’she against Yehudah Leib Gordon’s Treatment of Students (1867)
• 112. Petition of Eidlia Liubich of Grodno for Permission to Teach Hebrew Calligraphy to Jewish Girls in Grodno (1892)
• 113. A Private School for Jewish Boys in Siberia (1896)
• 114. Elite Home Education and Culture: The Diaries of Zinaida Poliakova
SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATION
• 115. A Girl’s Gymnasium Education: The Memoirs of Mariia Rashkovich
• 116. A Boy’s Gymnasium Life: The Memoirs of Genrikh Sliozberg
STATE RABBINICAL SCHOOLS IN VIL’NA AND ZHITOMIR
• 117. Avraam Uri Kovner: The Vil’na Rabbinical School
• 118. The Curriculum of the State Rabbinical Schools in Zhitomir and Vil’na
• 119. Graduates of State Rabbinical Schools Who Had Received State Stipends
UNIVERSITY LIFE
• 120. On University Life: The Memoirs of Vladimir Osipovich Garkavy
• 121. The Impact of Women’s Higher Education on Marriage
• 122. Letters of a Female Medical Student in St. Petersburg to Her Admirer (1903)
• 123. Complaints about Overrepresentation of Jews in Education
• 124.
Numerus Clausus during World War I
• V. WORK
COMMERCE AND TRADE
125. Jewish Commerce and Trade in Moscow (1790)
• 126. Jewish Contraband in Moscow
• 127. Petition of a Jewish Merchant to Reside in Siberia (1855)
• 128. Aharon Rozenshtein’s Correspondence on the Brick Business (1901)
• 129. Theft and Violence at Jewish Storesin Warsaw Province (1883)
• 130. Anti-Jewish Disorder at a Jewish Store in Chenstokhov (1902)
• 131. Theft and Violence at a Jewish Store in Smela (1904)
• 132. Inaccurate Scales in a Small Jewish Shop (1909)
• 133. Petition of Belorussian Jews about the Liquor Trade (1784)
• 134. A Violent Night in the Tavern (1878)
• 135. A Secret Distillery in Briansk (1885)
• 136. Trial of Nokhim and Khaia Gurvich of Vil’komir for the Illicit Production of Alcohol (1901)
DOMESTIC SERVICE
• 137. Avraham Izrailevich Paperno’s Nanny Roiza
• 138. A Russian Cook Accused of Observing Judaism in Moscow (1896)
• 139. Lawsuits in Zhitomir for Unpaid Labor
• 140. “Fictitious” Jewish Servants outside the Pale of Settlement (1890–91)
JEWISH AGRICULTURAL COLONIES AND FARMS
• 141. Exclusion of Jewish Colonists from Colonies in Kherson Province (1874)
• 142. State Loans to Jewish Farmers during a Drought in Ekaterinoslav Province (1885–86)
• 143. Request for Land in a Jewish Colony in Kherson Province (1887–88)
• 144. Life on a Jewish Farm in Borovoi-Mlyn: Memoir of Mariia Shkol’nik (1890s)
ARTISANS AND FACTORY WORK
• 145. Residence Rights of Children of Skilled Artisans
• 146. Expulsion of a Skilled Artisan from St. Petersburg (1890)
• 147. The Hemp Scutching Trade and Expulsion from Kursk Province (1890–91)
• 148. Prohibition on Jews in Mining Factories in Siberia
• 149. Female Workers’ Strike at the Gal’pern Matchbox Factory in Pinsk (1901–2)
PROFESSIONALS
• 150. Permission to Open a Medical Clinic for Women in Vil’na (1907)
• 151. Permission to Open a Dental Clinic in Kursk Province (1908-9)
• 152. The Law Profession in Russia: Memoirs of Genrikh Sliozberg
• 153. Jewish Law Graduates from the Imperial University of St. Vladimir, Kiev (1912)
• VI. JEWS, NEIGHBORS, AND THE RUSSIAN STATE
CONSCRIPTION
• 154. Complaint about the Illegal Conscription of an Only Son (1836)
• 155. Complaint about the Illegal Conscription of a Jewish Surgeon (1837)
• 156. Observance of Judaism in the Russian Army (1844)
157. Observance of Judaism in the Russian Army (1851)
• 158. Self-Mutilation to Evade Military Service
• 159. Appeal against a Vil’na Court Decision on Draft Evasion (1893)
• 160. Letter from Jewish Students to P. N. Miliukov [Kadet Leader in the State Duma] on Admitting Jews into the Officer Corps of the Russian Army (27 October 1916)
• 161. Appeal by the Jewish Students of Petrograd University to Serve as Officers (c. 1916)
THE POLISH UPRISING OF 1863
• 162. Tsirla Adelsonovaia’s Petition on Behalf of Her Husband in the Trial of an Insurgent (1863–64)
• 163. Investigation of Litka Abramovicheva for Supplying Gun Powder to Rebels (1864)
• 164. Investigation of Movshe Shur for Supplying Provisions to Polish Rebels (1864)
Antisemitism and Pogroms
• 165. Pogroms in Nezhin District, Chernigov Province (1881)
• 166. Pogroms in Pereiaslavl, Poltava Province (1881)
• 167. Anti-Jewish Violence after Accusations of Ritual Murder in Dubossary, Kherson Province
• (1903)
• 168. Eyewitness Accounts of the Kishinev Pogrom Recorded by Haim Nachman
• Bialik (1903)
• 169. Violence in Bessarabia Province in the Aftermath of Kishinev (1903)
• 170. Reports of Armed Jewish Self-Defense Groups in Rostov-na-Donu (1903)
JEWS IN THE REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT
• 171. Narodnaia Volia: Gesia Gel’fman’s Trial in the Assassination of Alexander II (1881)
• 172. The Social Democratic Workers’ Party (Bund): Police Files on Mariia (Manya) Vul’fovna Vil’bushevich
• 173. The Jewish Independent Workers’ Party and Police Unionism (1901–2)
• 174. A Female Socialist Revolutionary Terrorist: The Memoirs of Mariia (Mania) Shkol’nik
ZIONISM
• 175. Hibbat Tsiyyon: Letters between Leon Pinsker and Naftali Berlin
• 176. Secret Police Reports on Zionist Activities in Synagogues
EMIGRATION
• 177. The Case of Mordukh Itskovich Berezovskii (1907)
• 178. Problems with Exit Certificates and Foreign Passports
• 179. Tema Lysianskaia of Kiev and Her Children
• 180. The Rights of Wives and Children Left behind after the Secret Emigration of Husbands
• 181. A Fine of Three Hundred Rubles for Emigrants Whose Relatives Evaded Military Service
• 182. R. Israel Meir Kagan,
The Outcasts of Israel (1893)
• Select Bibliography
• Index

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 13:58:58 -0500