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The Changing Nature of the Maine Woods
Andrew M. Barton, Alan S. White, Charles V. Cogbill

University of New Hampshire Press



Contents

Preface
• THE MAINE WOODS: THROUGH TIME AND ACROSS SPACE
• An Ancient Forest in Portland
• Moosehead Lake
• Maine Forests in Time and Space
• About This Book – Appendix 1.1: Common and Scientific Names of Species Used in the Text
• FROM ROCKS TO ICE TO FORESTS: HOW DID THE LAND AND FORESTS OF MAINE FORM AND CHANGE OVER GEOLOLGICAL TIME?
• The Bog in the Basin
• The Dynamic Earth
• Origin of the Bedrock of Maine
• Climate Change
• Deglaciation and the Emergence of Land in Maine
• How Glaciation Shaped the Maine Landscape
• Life in a New World: The Forest Reconstituted
• 15, Years: Changing Environments, Changing Forests
• Postglacial Animals of Maine
• Lessons Learned
• THE PRESETTLEMENT FOREST OF MAINE: WHAT WERE THE FORESTS LIKE BEFORE EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT?
• Explorers: Observers of Maine’s Presettlement Forest
• Land Surveys of Maine’s Presettlement Forest
• Paleoecology: Remains from the Past
• The Remnant Old-Growth Landscape: “Still Stands the Forest Primeval”
• Remnant Old-Growth Stands: Museums of the Past
• Conclusion
• Appendix 3.1: Observations by Early Explorers of the Forests along the Maine Coast
• Appendix 3.2: Observations of Forests by Travelers and Surveyors in the Interior of Maine before Division into Towns
• Appendix 3.3: Equivalent Vernacular Names for Maine Trees in Old Records
• FROM EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT TO MODERN TIMES: HOW DID HUMAN CULTURE TRANSFORM MAINE FORESTS?
• The Perham Farm, Sandy River Valley, Maine
• Changes in the Land, Changes in the Forest
• Before 1781: Colonial Maine and Its Forests
• 1781–1840: Settlers Come, White Pine Goes
• 1840–1880: Into the Interior—Forest Clearing, Tree Harvesting
• 1880–1920: The Remaking of the Maine Forests
• 1920–1970: Well-Worn Patterns
• 1970–2010: Conflict and Change
• Maine Forests Today
• Appendix 4.1: Chronology of Important Events in the History of the Maine Woods from European Settlement to Today
• THE LENGTH AND BREADTH AND HEIGHT OF MAINE: HOW AND WHY DO FORESTS VARY ACROSS THE STATE?
• Six Maine Nature Snapshots
• Making Sense of the Diversity of Maine Forests
• Maine’s Place in the Natural Geography of North America
• Dividing Up the State: The Ecoregions of Maine
• The Natural Communities of Maine
• Why Is Maine Ecologically Diverse?
• Putting Classification into Practice: Maine’s Conservation Network
• Appendix 5.1: Ecoregional Frameworks in Maine
• Appendix 5.2: Seven Ecoregions of Maine
• Appendix 5.3: The Natural Community System of Maine
• THE FUTURE OF THE MAINE WOODS: WHAT WILL MAIN FORESTS BE LIKE IN THE YEAR 2100?
• View from a Maine Woodlot
• The Future: Changing Environments, Changing Forests
• Changing Nutrient Cycles: Acid Rain and Nitrogen Saturation
• Changing Enemies: Invasive Exotic Insects, Diseases, and Plants
• Changing Climate
• Interacting Stresses and Forest Dieback
• The Future of the Maine Woods: Forecasts and Uncertainty
• Notes
• Bibliography
• Illustration Credits
• Index

Sat, 2 Dec 2017 14:43:01 -0500