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American Jewish History
A Primary Source Reader
Gary Phillip Zola, ed.; Marc Dollinger, ed.

Brandeis University Press



Contents

Preface
• List of Abbreviations
• Introduction
• CHAPTER 1. CREATING COMMUNITY: THE AMERICAN JEWISH EXPERIENCE DURING THE COLONIAL PERIOD, 1654–1776
• BEGINNINGS
• Rabbi Isaac Aboab de Fonseca, Recife, Brazil, n.d.
• Recife, Brazil, by Zacharias Wagenaer, n.d.
• Peter Stuyvesant, Manhattan, to the Amsterdam Chamber of Directors, September 22, 1654
• Amsterdam Jewry’s Successful Intercession for the Jewish Immigrants, January 1655
• Extract from Reply by the Amsterdam Chamber of the West India Company to Stuyvesant’s Letter, April 26, 1655
• Moses Lopez Becomes a Naturalized Citizen, 1741
• Barnard Gratz to Michael Gratz, Giving Advice on Immigrating to Philadelphia, November 20, 1758
• GOVERNMENT, POLITICS, AND CIVIC STATUS
• Description by a Non-Jew of the Jews of New York City, November 2, 1748
• Why the Court Refused to Naturalize Aaron Lopez, Superior Court of Rhode Island, Newport, SS. March Term, 1762
• BUSINESS AND LABOR
• Petition from Abraham Haim DeLucena and Justus Bosch to Governor
Robert Hunter, Requesting Permission to Ship Provisions to Jamaica, June 3, 1713
• Newspaper Business Advertisement against Emanuel Abrams, by Allan Melville, October 21, 1754
• Reply Advertisement by Emanuel Abrams against Alan Melville, 1754
• Isaac Elizer and Samuel Moses to Captain
John Peck, Giving Instructions for a Journey to Purchase Slaves, October 29, 1762
• RELIGION
• Touro Synagogue, Exterior, n.d.
• Touro Synagogue, Interior, Front View, n.d.
• Constitution of Shearith Israel, New York, the Oldest Extant Constitution of a North American
Jewish Community, September 15, 1728
• The Prosecutor’s Summary of the Evidence from the Trial of Solomon Hays, 1755–1756
• FAMILY LIFE AND PHILANTHROPY
• Abigaill
Franks, in New York, to Her Son, Heartsey, in London, June 7, 1743
• Meir Josephson to Michael Gratz concerning a Female Domestic, July 25, 1762
• Hannah Paysaddon to Aaron Lopez, Requesting Charity, July 26, 1770
• Congregation Gate of Heaven (London) to American Jews, Requesting Support for the Jews of Hebron, Palestine, May 5, 1773
• CHAPTER 2. FORGING A NATION: THE AMERICAN JEWISH EXPERIENCE DURING THE REVOLUTION AND THE EARLY NATIONAL PERIOD, 1776–1820
• IMMIGRATION AND ADAPTATION
• Joseph Salvador to His Cousin Emanuel Mendes da Costa, Describing America, January 22, 1785
• Rebecca Samuel to Her Parents in Hamburg, Germany, Describing Her Experiences in Virginia, January 12, 1791
• GOVERNMENT, POLITICS, AND CIVIC STATUS
• Francis Salvador to South Carolina Chief Justice William H. Drayton, Reporting Local Militia Activity against Native Americans and Loyalists, July 18 and 19, 1776
• Maryland Constitution, Articles 33, 35, and 55, Restricting Officeholders to Christians, November 11, 1776
• New York Constitution, Articles 35, 38, and 39, Making New York the First State to Emancipate Jews, April 20, 1777
• Isaac Touro, a Loyalist, to British General Guy Carleton, Requesting Funds to Relocate to Jamaica, December 12, 1782
• Jonas Phillips, Asking
the Constitutional Convention to Emancipate Pennsylvania’s Jews, September 7, 1787
• Address of the Newport Congregation to the President of the United States of America, August 17, 1790
• President George Washington to the Newport Congregation, 1790
• Anonymous Reply to James Rivington’s Antisemitic Preface in
The Democrat, December 17, 1795
• Sampson Simson’s Hebrew Oration at Columbia College, 1800
• Isaac Harby to James Monroe on Religious Freedom and the Recall of Mordecai Noah from the U.S. Consulate in Tunis, 1816
• Thomas Jefferson to Mordecai Noah on Religious Tolerance, May 28, 1818
• Thomas Jefferson to Jacob
de la Motta, September 1, 1820
• The First Form of the “Jew Bill,” 1819
• J. I. Cohen to E. S. Thomas on the Maryland Jew Bill, 1818
• BUSINESS AND LABOR
• Haym Salomon, Business Advertisement,
Freeman’s Journal, 1782
• Will of Charleston’s Jacob Jacobs, Which Included Slaves, 1797
• A. H. Cohen to Thomas Jefferson, regarding the Health Benefits of Mineral Water, December 21, 1807
• Reply of Thomas Jefferson to A. H. Cohen, February 10, 1808
• RELIGION
• Congregationalist Minister Ezra Stiles to His Friend Rabbi Haim Isaac Carigal, July 7, 1775
• Appeal to the Citizens of Philadelphia for Donations to Save Their Synagogue from Foreclosure, Mikve Israel Congregation, Philadelphia, April 30, 1788
• Hannah Adams, Reporting
on Gershom Seixas’s Survey of American Jewry, 1812
• Address by Phillip Milledoler on Evangelizing the Jews, 1817
• FAMILY LIFE
• Frances Sheftall to Her Husband, July 20, 1780
• Samuel Jones, Last Will and Testament, Including Information on His African American Slave, Jenny, and Their Son, Emanuel, January 20, 1809
• CHAPTER 3. MIGRATIONS ACROSS AMERICA: JEWS IN THE ANTEBELLUM PERIOD, 1820–1860
• IMMIGRATION AND ADAPTATION
• Penina Moïse, Poem, “To Persecuted Foreigners,” 1820
• Charles L. Mailert to August Mailert, on His Reservations about Immigrating to the United States, 1835
• Reasons for Emigration from Bavaria to the United States,
Leipziger Zeitung, 1839
• Joseph Jonas to Rev. Isaac Leeser, Describing Life in Ohio, December 25, 1843
• GOVERNMENT, POLITICS, AND CIVIC STATUS
• Letter from Jacob Ezekiel to President John Tyler, Arguing That America Is Not a “Christian Nation,” 1841—with Tyler’s Reply
• BUSINESS AND LABOR
• Lt. Col. Aaron Levy, “On Land Promoting,” 1821
• Abraham Kohn, Reflections of a New England Peddler, ca. 1842–1843
• Henry J. Labatt, Newspaper Article on Jews and Business in the Gold Rush,
True Pacific Messenger, 1861
• RELIGION
• Memorial to the President and Members of the Adjunta of Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim of Charleston, South Carolina, Demanding Religious Reform, December 23, 1824
• Abraham Rice to Isaac Leeser, regarding Religious Reform, December 15, 1848
• Rosa Mordecai, Memoir Describing Hebrew School Education in Antebellum America, 1850s
• Isaac Jalonick to Isaac Leeser on Jewish Life in Texas, May 28, 1853
• I. J. Benjamin, “The Education of Jewish Women in America, 1859–1862”
• SOCIAL LIFE
• Mordecai Manuel Noah, Address at Ararat, a Proposed Refuge for Jews, 1825
• Review of
Harrington, a Fictional Account Describing Intermarriage, 1833
• ANTI-JEWISH ATTITUDES
• Newspaper Account, Cohen-Chisolm Duel, July 25, 1827
• Israel B. Kursheedt and Theodore J. Seixas to President Martin Van Buren, on the Damascus Blood Libel, August 24, 1840
• CHAPTER 4. SLAVERY AND FREEDOM: AMERICAN JEWS DURING THE CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION, 1861–1879
• CHOOSING SIDES
• Letter from Alfred Mordecai to His Brother G. W. Mordecai, March 17, 1861
• Private Letter from Alfred Mordecai to Lt. Col. James W. Ripley, on His Resignation from the U.S. Army, May 2, 1861
• “The Jews and Slavery,” by Bernhard Felsenthal,
Sinai, July 1862.
• Eleanor H. Cohen, Journal Entries Detailing the Author’s
Love for Both the North and the South, Champion of the Lost Cause, February 28, 1865
• JEWS AND THE UNION
• Abram J. Dittenhoefer, Excerpt regarding Lincoln’s Election, from
How We Elected LincolnPersonal Recollections of Lincoln and Men of His Time, 1860
• Grant’s General Orders Number 11, 1862
• Gen. H. W. Halleck’s Revocation of Grant’s Orders Number 11, January 4, 1863
• Letter from B’nai B’rith Missouri Lodge, Protesting Grant’s Orders Number 11, January 5, 1863
• Isaac M. Wise, “The Revolutionary Object of Extremists,” Editorial Opposing Abolitionism, the
Israelite, February 27, 1863
• Myer S. Isaacs to Abraham Lincoln on the Jewish Vote in the 1864 Election, October 26, 1864
• JEWS AND THE CONFEDERACY
• Resolution of the Hebrew Congregation in Support of the Confederacy, Shreveport, Louisiana, May 1861
• Eugenia Levy Phillips, Diary Reporting the Author’s
Experiences as a Confederate, 1861
• Twenty-Year Bond Issued by the Confederacy in Honor of Judah P. Benjamin, 1861
• Confederate Two-Dollar Bill Showing Judah P. Benjamin, 1864
• Isaac Levy to His Sister, Leonora, Detailing the Celebration of Passover at a Confederate Encampment in Adam’s Run, South Carolina, April 24, 1864
• JEWS AND RECONSTRUCTION
• Isaac M. Wise, “On to Richmond,” Describing Conditions in the Reconstruction South, the
Israelite, June 28, 1867
• Double Lynching of a Jew and a Negro, the
Israelite, August 28, 1868
• Benjamin F. Peixotto, U.S. Consul in Romania, to President Ulysses S. Grant, Denying Accusations “of a Scandalous Character” Leveled against His Person, November 6, 1871
• RELIGION
• Morris Raphall, “The Bible View of Slavery: A Discourse,” a Defense of Slavery by a Northern Rabbi, January 4, 1861
• David Einhorn’s Response to Raphall, Offering a Baltimore Rabbi’s Opposition to Slavery,
Sinai, 1861
• Petition from American Jews to the U.S. Senate and House, on the Chaplaincy Issue, 1861 or 1862
• Rabbi Kalisch
to U.S. Congress, regarding the Chaplaincy Issue, December 9, 1861
• Rev. Arnold Fischel to Mr. Henry I. Hart, President of the Board of Delegates of American Israelites, December 11, 1861
• Isaac Leeser to Abraham Lincoln, Requesting the Commissioning of Jewish Chaplains, August 21, 1862
• Letter from the U.S. Surgeon General Opposing the Commissioning of Jewish Chaplains in Washington, D.C., October 27, 1862
• Excerpt from Isidor
Straus’s Memoirs, 1862–1863
• CHAPTER 5. THE GILDED AGE AND PROGRESSIVE ERA: AMERICAN JEWISH LIFE, 1880–1918
• IMMIGRANT LIFE IN THE OLD AND THE NEW COUNTRY
• Letter to the Editor, Urging Eastern European Jews Not to Emigrate,
Ha-Magid, May 3, 1882
• Abraham Cahan’s Impressions upon Arrival in the United States, “Imaginary America,” 1882
• Emma Lazarus, “The New Colossus,” 1883
• H. L. Sabsovich, “The Woodbine Settlement of the Baron de Hirsch Fund,” Describing the Creation of a Jewish Agricultural Settlement in New Jersey, 1891
• Constitution of the United States and Declaration of Independence; cover, in English and Yiddish, 1892
• Mary Antin, Selection Describing the Author’s Journey to the United States,
From Plotzk to Boston, 1899
• Baseball,
Forward, August 27, 1909
• Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, Cover of the
Jewish Immigrant, January 1909
• Creation of the New York Jewish Federation by the State of New York, May 15, 1917
• GOVERNMENT, POLITICS, AND CIVIC STATUS
• Revised Words to Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, Written by HIAS for an Event Honoring the Election of Moses Alexander as Governor of Idaho, 1915
• BUSINESS AND LABOR
• Julia Richman, Selection from “New York’s East European Working Women,” 1893
• Morris Winchevsky, “A Socialist Parodies the Ten Commandments,” 1895
• “Women as Wage Earners,”
Ordens Echo, 1897
• The Protocol of Peace, Ending the 1910 Cloak Makers’ Strike, New York City, 1910
• Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire, March 1911
• “The Big Stick,” regarding the Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire, April 7, 1911
• Rose Schneiderman, Selection regarding Labor Relations in the Early Twentieth Century and the Shirtwaist Fire,
All for One, 1967
• RELIGION
• Menu, “Trefa Banquet,” July 11, 1883
• The Pittsburgh Platform, 1885
• The Preamble and Article II of the Constitution of the Jewish Theological Seminary, May 9, 1886
• Ray Frank, “What a Jewish Girl Would Not Do If She Were a Rabbi,” May 23, 1890
• Cyrus Adler, Selection from “A Jewish Renaissance,” the
American Hebrew, November 9, 1894
• Principles Adopted by the [Orthodox] Jewish Congregational Union of America, June 8, 1898
• Elkan C. Voorsanger, “Passover Services in France,”
Emanu-El, May 3, 1918
• FAMILY LIFE
• Martha Thal, Selections from
Early Days: The Story of Sarah Thal, on Life in a Pioneer Farmer Family in North Dakota, ca. 1880
• “Bintel Brief,” on Intermarriage,
Forward, 1906
• Emma Goldman to Margaret Sanger on Birth Control, December 7, 1915
• “A New Supplication for a Woman Whose Husband Has Deserted Her,” 1916
• ZIONISM
• Selection regarding American Zionism from Zvi Hirsch Masliansky’s Memoirs, ca. 1895
• Isaac Mayer Wise’s Rejection of Zionism, Central Conference of American Rabbis, July 6, 1897
• Moses Descending with the Ten Commandments into Yosemite Valley, Congregation Sherith Israel, San Francisco, 1905
• Louis Brandeis, “The Jewish Problem: How to Solve It” (Excerpt), April 25, 1915
• ANTISEMITISM
• Simon Wolf, “Kishineff—An Appeal,”
Jewish Criterion, May 22, 1903
• “The Mass Meeting,” Pertaining to the Kishinev Pogrom,
Jewish Criterion, June 12, 1903
• “Bintel Brief,” Letter from an Immigrant Experiencing Antisemitism,
Forward, 1907
• Police Commissioner Theodore A. Bingham, Selection from “Foreign Criminals in New York,” September 1908
• Leo Frank to C. P. Connolly, Discussing the Murder Notes and How These Might Demonstrate His Innocence, March 11, 1915
• Leo Frank, August 1915
• Leo Frank, n.d.
• JEWISH AID, RELIEF, AND PHILANTHROPY
• Resolution Founding the National Council of Jewish Women, September 7, 1893
• Louis Marshall to Joseph Stolz, Organizing the American Jewish Committee, January 12, 1906
• Jacob Schiff to President Taft on the Mistreatment of Jews in Russia, February 20, 1911
• CHAPTER 6. AMERICAN JEWS BETWEEN THE WORLD WARS, 1918–1941
• GOVERNMENT, POLITICS, AND CIVIC STATUS
• Relief Expenditures of Fifty-Two Jewish Family Welfare Agencies, 1929–1935
• Isaac Rubinow, “What Do We Owe Peter Stuyvesant?” 1930
• “New NRA Compliance Director Blends Efficiency and Beauty,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 9, 1934
• BUSINESS AND LABOR
• Judah L. Magnes, Address Delivered at the Opening Session of the First Jewish Labor Congress, January 16, 1919
• Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Statement Supporting Organized Labor, September 1, 1919
• Religion
• Louis Marshall to Elias A. Cohen, January 25, 1923
• “Yeshiva to Erect Modern College Buildings,”
Jewish Tribune, September 26, 1924
• Bernard Revel, “The Vision of Yeshiva College,” 1926
• Conference for the Discussion of the Problem of Judaism, Chicago, February 21– 22, 1928
• Rabbi Israel H. Levinthal to Jacob Rader Marcus on the Rabbinic Training of Helen Hadassah, 1939
• POPULAR CULTURE
• Edgar A. Guest, “Speaking of Greenberg,” 1934
• INTERFAITH AND INTERGROUP RELATIONS
• Constitution and By-Laws of the Synagogue Council of America, 1926
• The Story of the National Conference of Christians and Jews, 1928
• ZIONISM
• Broadside, Zionist Organization of America, Early 1920s
• Henrietta Szold, Familiar Letters from Palestine, December 21, 1921
• Statement Acknowledging Increasing Support for Zionism, Central Conference of American Rabbis, June 1935
• Excerpts from the “Guiding Principles of Reform Judaism,” Central Conference of American Rabbis, Forty-Eighth Annual Convention, May 27, 1937, Columbus, Ohio
• “Official Declaration of the Rabbinical Assembly,” June 7–9, 1937
• Labor Zionist Handbook, Poale Zion/Zeire Zion of America, 1939
• ANTISEMITISM
• Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, “Henry Ford’s Challenge and a Jew’s Reply,” October 10, 1920
• “The Scope of Jewish Dictatorship in the U.S.,”
Dearborn Independent, December 11, 1920
• A. Lawrence Lowell to Judge Julian Mack, on Jewish Quotas at Harvard College, March 29, 1922
• “Kaplan” Page in
The Lucky Bag Yearbook, United States Naval Academy, 1922
• Letter from West Virginia Senator Howard Sutherland to President Harding, June 1922
• “The Declaration of Independence Addressed the World,”
Der Tog, July 4, 1924
• Arthur M. Kaplan, “Are Medical Colleges Unfair to Jewish Students?”
Jewish Tribune, August 1, 1930
• “Memorandum on Nazi Activities in the United States,” Non-Sectarian Anti-Nazi League to Champion Human Rights, 1936
• American Nazi Parade, New York City, 1937
• Excerpts from the Speech of Rep. Samuel L. Dickstein, Delivered before the National Convention of the Anti-Nazi League, May 22, 1938
• “Persecution—Jewish and Christian,” Broadcast by Rev. Charles E. Coughlin, November 20, 1938
• Stephen S. Wise, “Coughlinism, Jews and America,” December 4, 1938
• Charles Lindbergh, Des Moines Speech, September 11, 1941
• JEWISH AID, RELIEF, AND PHILANTHROPY
• Louis Marshall to President Woodrow Wilson, Requesting Support for European Jews after World War I, August 6, 1919
• President Wilson to Marshall, Rejecting the Request, August 14, 1919
• Report on the Joint Distribution Committee’s Efforts to Purchase Farmland for Russian Jews, Dr. Joseph A. Rosen, 1925
• “$67,000,000 Spent in 40 Countries by the JDC since 1914 to Rebuild Lives and Souls of Stricken Jews,” 1927
• Stephen S. Wise, Addressing a Mass Meeting Held at Madison Square Garden, March 27, 1933
• Abba Hillel Silver to Samuel Wohl, Opposing a Proposal to Bring German-Jewish Children to Palestine, November 26, 1934
• Jewish War Veterans Ladies’ Auxiliaries, “Naziism Is Spreading and So Must Our Boycott Activities,” ca. 1938
• Letter from Abraham Joshua Heschel to Dr. Julian Morgenstern, April 30, 1939
• Letter from Morgenstern to Heschel, July 5, 1939
• CHAPTER 7. WAGING WAR: AMERICAN JEWS, WORLD WAR II, AND THE SHOAH, 1941–1945
• GOVERNMENT, POLITICS, AND CIVIC STATUS
• Hitler Poster, “Wanted for Murder,” 1941
• Distribution of Jewish Servicemen by Branches and Activities, 1941–1945
• Irving Berlin, Lyrics, “This Is the Army, Mr. Jones,” 1942
• Passover Observed by Armed Forces, 1943
• Lt. Dick Gottlieb, Affidavit, Recounting His Experience Liberating the Dachau Concentration Camp near Landsberg, Germany, April 1945
• INTERFAITH AND INTERGROUP RELATIONS
• John J. Mahoney to Chaplain S. Joshua Kohn, regarding the February 3, 1943, Sinking of the USS
Dorchester, December 7, 1944
• U.S. Postage Stamp Commemorating Clergy Who Died in the Sinking of the USS
Dorchester, 1948
• THE HOLOCAUST AND ZIONISM
• “Statement of Principles by Non-Zionist Rabbis,” American Council for Judaism, August 12, 1942
• Telegram from Gerhart Riegner (via Samuel Silverman) to Stephen S. Wise, August 29, 1942
• Letter from Stephen S. Wise to Franklin D. Roosevelt, December 2, 1942
• Sumner Welles to Stephen S. Wise, February 9, 1943
We Will Never Die Program, Memorializing the Slaughtered Jews in Europe and Commemorating Jewish Contributions to Civilization, March 9, 1943
• Report on Attempts to Stage
We Will Never Die, Early 1944
• Max Lerner, “What about the Jews, FDR?” July 22, 1943
• Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver, Selection from “Zionism: What It Is—What It Is Not,” ca. 1944
• “Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of This Government in the Murder of the Jews,” Treasury Department, January 13, 1944
• Franklin Roosevelt Establishes a War Refugee Board, January 22, 1944
• Jewish Refugees at Emergency Shelter, Fort Ontario, August 4, 1944
• Leland Robinson et al. to President Harry Truman, Requesting U.S. Citizenship for Refugees Housed at Fort Ontario, Oswego, New York, October 22, 1945
• Poster Urging American Jews to Support the United Jewish Appeal Campaign, n.d.
• ANTISEMITISM
• Chart, Domestic Antisemitism, 1940–1946
• Activities of Antisemitic and Antidemocratic Groups in the United States, American Jewish Congress, April 2, 1943
• Chart, World Jewry before and after the War, 1939–1945
• CHAPTER 8. AMERICAN JEWISH LIFE, 1945–1965
• IMMIGRATION AND ADAPTATION
Levittown (Pa.) Resident Reflects on His Community, 1950s
• Income Levels and Religious Affiliation in Levittown, 1950s
• “NCRAC Discusses Decline in Jewish Population in Cities,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 22, 1955
• GOVERNMENT, POLITICS, AND CIVIC STATUS
• Phineas J. Biron, “Portrait of an Informer,”
Israel Light, December 31, 1947
• Preface to the Transcript of Record (June 7, 1952) Provided by the National Committee to Secure Justice in the Rosenberg Case
• Flyer for Clemency, Rosenberg Case, May 30, 1953
• “Meaning of the [Rosenberg] Execution,”
Jewish Life, August 1953
• Soviet Cable Incriminating Julius Rosenberg, September 21, 1944
• RELIGION
• Maurice L. Zigmond, Selection from “Brandeis University Is One Year Old,” 1949
• Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver, Selection from “Living Judaism,” Delivered at the Dedication of the New UAHC Headquarters, October 27, 1951
• Beth Sholom Synagogue, Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1953
• Image from the American Jewish Tercentenary Filmstrip, Union of American Hebrew Congregations, 1954
• Menachem Schneerson, “In Orthodoxy the Woman Is Not Inferior,” May 27, 1957
• “Ufaratzta!” A Programmatic Statement Delivered by the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Menachem M. Schneerson, 1959
• Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, “Letter on the Question of Prayer in the Public Schools,” 1964
• FAMILY LIFE
• Mrs. Allen I. Edles, Selection from “The American Jewish Woman of Tomorrow,” 1958
• POPULAR CULTURE
• Bess Myerson, “Miss America Speaks to Young America,”
Jewish Veteran, 1945
• INTERFAITH AND INTERGROUP RELATIONS
• Selection from “A Statement by Stephen S. Wise to a U.S. Senate Education Sub-Committee,” April 1947
• Rabbi Julian B. Feibelman, “Petition to the Orleans Parish School Board,” September 12, 1955
• Rabbi Jacob Rothschild, “No Place to Hide,”
Southern Israelite, August 1963
• Rabbi William Malev, “The Jew of the South in the Conflict on Segregation,”
Conservative Judaism, 1958
• Selection from an Address by South Carolina Speaker of the House Solomon Blatt to the Hebrew Benevolent Society of Charleston, April 6, 1959
• Selection from an Open Letter from Rabbi Richard W. Winograd to the National Director of B’nai B’rith,
1963
• Selection from a Speech Delivered by Rabbi Joachim Prinz at the March on Washington, August 28, 1963
• March on Washington, August 28, 1963
• Search for Civil Rights Workers James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner, 1964
• Selection from Oral History Interview with Kivie Kaplan, regarding His Entrance into Civil Rights Work and His Election as President of the NAACP, 1970
• ZIONISM
• President Harry S. Truman, Recognition of the State of Israel, May 14, 1948
• Exchange between David Ben-Gurion and Jacob Blaustein on the Relationship between American Jews and the State of Israel, August 1950
• JEWISH AID, RELIEF, AND PHILANTHROPY
• “Major U.S. Jewish Groups Appeal for Equal Rights for Soviet Jews,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 29, 1960
• “UN Told Russia Denies Universal Declaration of Human Rights to Jews,”
Jewish Criterion, November 18, 1960
• “Khrushchev Talks about Soviet Jews,”
Jewish Criterion, March 31, 1961
• “Soviet Mistreatment of Jews Attacked in Both Houses of U.S. Congress,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 25, 1962
• ANTISEMITISM
• American Jewish Committee, 1945, 1950–1959, Chart, Antisemitism in the United States during the
1940s and 1950s
• “No Anti-Jewish Bias Exists in New York College Admission Study Shows,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 27, 1959
• CHAPTER 9. TURNING INWARD: JEWS AND AMERICAN LIFE, 1965–1980
• GOVERNMENT, POLITICS, AND CIVIC STATUS
• Betty Friedan, “A Comfortable Concentration Camp?” 1963
• Norman Podhoretz, “My Negro Problem
and Ours,” Commentary, February 1963
• Michael Wyschogrod, Selection from “The Jewish Interest in Vietnam,”
Tradition, Winter 1966
• Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel, Selection from “The Moral Outrage of Vietnam,” January 31, 1967
• “Radical Saul Alinsky: Prophet of Power to the People,”
Time, March 2, 1970
• Jewish Defense League Ten-Point Program, n.d.
• Zvi Lowenthal and Jonathan Braun, “An Interview with Meir Kahane,” 1971
• Jewish Defense League Flyer, n.d.
• Jo Ann Levine, “A Woman’s Place Is in the House,”
Christian Science Monitor, June 28, 1972
• Arthur Hertzberg and David G. Epstein, “Jewish Political Trend . . . ,”
Los Angeles Times, May 24, 1984
• Proposed Mission Statement of New Jewish Agenda, 1987
• New Jewish Agenda Promotional Flyer: Some Examples of Our Work, n.d.
• RELIGION
• “Depaul University, a Catholic Institution, Opens Full Department of Jewish Studies,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, September 4, 1968
• “Jewish Students Launch Drive for Judaic Studies Departments in City University System,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, December 9, 1970
• Sylvia Rothchild, “Havurat Shalom: Community without Conformity,”
Hadassah, June 1970
• Bernard Reisman, “The Impact of the Havurah,”
Jewish Digest, Summer 1978
• Ezrat Nashim, “Jewish Women Call for Change,” 1972
• “The First American Woman Rabbi,” Reflections by Rabbi Sally Priesand, 1972–1975
• “Jewish Women’s Mag
Lilith Hits the Stands,” Jewish Chronicle, July 15, 1976
• INTERFAITH AND INTERGROUP RELATIONS
• “Sharp Decline Reported in Anti-Jewish Bias in Winter Resorts,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, August 6, 1965
• Statement for Release by Black and Jewish Organizations, August 28, 1979
• NAACP Head Benjamin Hooks, Speech on Civil Rights, American Jews, and the Palestine Liberation Organization, 1979
• Advertisement, “Jews against Jackson,”
New York Times, November 11, 1983
• POPULAR CULTURE
• Philip Roth, Selection from “Writing about Jews,” 1963
• Robert Alter, “Malamud as Jewish Writer,”
Commentary, September 1966
• Saul Bellow, “I Said That I Was an American, a Jew, a Writer by Trade,” November 14, 1976
• Allan Sherman, Lyrics, “If I Were a Tishman,” 1967
• ZIONISM
• “Half of All Americans Register Support for Israel; No American Backs
Arabs,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 12, 1967
• Milton K. Susman, “As I See It,”
Jewish Chronicle, June 16, 1967
• “The Portrait of Courage: The People Made Israel Victorious,”
Jewish Chronicle, June 16, 1967
• “The Week That Rocked the World,” June 5–11,
Jewish Chronicle, June 16, 1967
• Breira’s National Platform, February 21, 1977
• JEWISH AID, RELIEF, AND PHILANTHROPY
• Jackson-Vanik Amendment, 1974
• Poster of Anatoly Sharansky, n.d.
• CHAPTER 10. CONTEMPORARY AMERICA: JEWISH LIFE SINCE 1980
• IMMIGRATION AND ADAPTATION
• Kevin West, “The Persian Conquest,”
W, July 2009
• Saba Soomekh, American Jewish University, “The Political Emergence of the Los Angeles Persian Community,” 2010
• GOVERNMENT, POLITICS, AND CIVIC STATUS
• Vision and Mission Statements, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1993
• “Gore’s Choice for Veep Electrifies American Jews,”
Forward, August 11, 2000
• “Remarks as Prepared for Delivery by Senator Joseph Lieberman,” Democratic National Convention, August 16, 2000
• Global Anti-Semitism Review Act, October 8, 2004
• RELIGION
• Selections, Mandell L. Berman Institute—North American Jewish Data Bank, n.d.
• Rabbi Alexander M. Schindler, “To the Board of Directors of the New York Federation of Reform Synagogues,” March 3, 1983
• Report of the Committee on Patrilineal Descent, Central Conference of American Rabbis, March 15, 1983
• Rabbis Joel Roth and Akiba Lubow, A Standard of Rabbinic Practice regarding Determination of Jewish Identity, 1986
• Press Release, Ezrat Nashim, October 24, 1983
• Rabbi David Weiss Halivni, Letter to the Faculty Assembly of the Jewish Theological Seminary, 1983
• Judith S. Antonelli, “Jewish Feminisms Explore Torah, God, and Sexuality,”
Jewish Advocate, January 25, 1991
• Mission Statement of the Society for Humanistic Judaism, October 8, 1999
• Charles Passy, “Debbie Friedman Is a Troubadour of Faith; Synagogues Ring with Folk,”
Palm Beach Post, December 6, 2004
• Oren Lee-Parritz, “Synaplex: A Creative Response to a Decline in Synagogue Identification,”
Jewish Post, ca. 2007
• Haviva Ner-David, “Breaking the Glass Mehitza,”
Hadassah, May 2004
• Josh Nathan-Kazis, “In Dispute over Using ‘Rabba,’ Supporters Find Reason for Optimism,”
Forward, March 10, 2010
• Tamar Snyder, “Beyond the Rabba-Rousing,”
Jewish Week, March 24, 2010
• Camille Shira Angel, “Rabbi’s Welcome” and Selections from
Siddur Sha’ar Zahav, 2009
• ZIONISM
• Amanda Carpenter, “J Street Pro-Israel Lobby Takes on AIPAC, Alienates Backers,”
Washington Times, October 21, 2009
• Alan M. Dershowitz, “Boycotting Israeli Universities: A Victory for Bigotry,”
Haaretz, December 17, 2013
• POPULAR CULTURE
• Mission Statement, JDate, 1997
• Paulette Kouffman Sherman, “Eight Love Lessons from the Festival of Light,” December 8, 2013

Jonathan Miller, “How Adam Sandler’s ‘Chanukah Song’ Helped Save the Jews,” Huffington Post, December 23, 2011
• AMERICAN JEWISH LIFE: TWENTY-FIRST-CENTURY DEVELOPMENTS
• Tri-Faith Initiative of Omaha, Nebraska, May 2010
• The Adventure Rabbi Program, 2012
• “Moishe House a Place to Call Home,” March 20, 2013
• Presidential Proclamation—Jewish American Heritage Month, May 2013
• Index

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