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Commerce and the Countryside
The rural population’s involvement in the commodity market in Flanders, 1750–1910
Wouter Ronsijn

Academia Press



Contents

• Preface
• Acknowledgments
• INTRODUCTION
• Commercial exchange and commercial households
• Market participation as an opportunity or as an imperative
• Carrots and sticks
• Rural social polarisation
• The 'Flemish road': a 'commercial survival economy'
• Research design
Notes
• PART I 1750-1825 - EXPANSION
• CHAPTER 1. GROWTH ACCELERATION IN AGRICULTURE, 1760-1810s
• Cereal exports
• Public markets as the centres of trade in rural products
• Expansion of trade in arable products in public markets
• Contraction in levestock farming
Notes
• CHAPTER 2. FOOD REQUIREMENTS, AVAILABLE SUPPLIES AND THEIR DISTRIBUTION
• Market catchment areas
• Ruralisation and urbanisation
• Food production, surpluses and supplies
• Buyers of grain in the markets of Oudenaarde and Sint-Niklaas
Notes
• CHAPTER 3. MEDIATED AND UNMEDIATED MARKET DEPENDENCE
• Households, holding and agricultural labour
• Expansion of the linen industry
• Other rural and urban economic activities
• Credit and cash in the economic ties between countrymen
• The balance between industry and agriculture in the countryside
• Two different dynamics of development
• CHAPTER 4. TRANSACTIONS COSTS AND TRADE REGULATION
• Nature and organisation of charges on market trade
• Charges on market trade after the French legal reforms
• Overcoming distance: transportation costs
• Level and effect of transaction costs
• Other hindrances to market trade
Notes
• PART II 1825 - 1910 - CRISIS AND REORIENTATION
• CHAPTER 5. INDUSTRIAL CONTRACTION AND AGRICULTURAL EXPANSION, 1820s - 1860s
• Collapse of the linen industry
• Depression and recovery of trade in arable products
• Arable production, food supply and food trade
• Expansion in livestock farming
Notes
CHAPTER 6. RURAL SOCIETY AND COPING MECHANISM DURING THE 'CRISE DES FLANDRES', CA. 1850
• Demographic growth and decline
• Rural coping mechanisms
• Distribution of holdings by size
• Leasehold and land ownership
• Competition over the profits from farming
• Economic ties between countrymen
Notes
• CHAPTER 7. TRANSACTIONS COSTS AND TRADE REGULATION
• Market charges: differences between law and reality
• The abolition of the
octroi tax in 1860 and its consequences
• Towards the end of the nineteenth century: focus on form rather than content
• Road tolls and transportation infrastructure
• Level and effect of transaction costs
Notes
• CHAPTER 8. AGRARIAN DEPRESSION AND REORIENTATION, 1870s-1910s
• Contraction in arable farming
• Expansion in livestock farming
• Trade outside markets after the 1860s
• Rise of the food industry
Notes
• CHAPTER 9. RURAL SOCIETY AND COPING MECHANISMS IN THE WAKE OF THE AGRARIAN DEPRESSION, CA. 1900
• Demographic growth and urbanisation
• New work opportunities
• Households, holdings and the distribution of holdings by size
• Economic ties between countrymen
Notes
• CONCLUSIONS
Notes
• REFERENCES
• CONVERSIONS
• LIST OF TABLES
• LIST OF GRAPHS
• LIST OF MAPS

Sat, 2 Dec 2017 14:43:02 -0500